Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Visual Studio 2012, shortcut key combinations

I found it very helpful and putting in my blog to help others, If you find any other combination that is missing in this list, Do update in comment section and I`ll include them into the list

All shortcuts beginning with CTRL+W are for opening or navigating to Windows:

  •   CTRL+W, S: Solution Explorer
  •   CTRL+W, E: Error list
  •   CTRL+W, R: Resourceview
  •   CTRL+W, A: Command window
  •   CTRL+W, T: Taskview
  •   CTRL+W, Q: Find Symbol Results
  •   CTRL+W, X: ToolboX
  •   CTRL+W, C: Classview


Monday, June 03, 2013

Serialize object or list of objects using xDocument

This works for any serializable type or list of serializable type and deserialize back.


XDocument doc = new XDocument();

using (var writer = doc.CreateWriter())


    var serializer = new DataContractSerializer(objToSerialize.GetType());

    serializer.WriteObject(writer, objectToSerialize);


Var objectXml = doc.ToString();


To Deseralize xml back to type T.


DataContractSerializer ser = new DataContractSerializer(typeof(T));

return  (T)ser.ReadObject(xmlDocument.CreateReader(), true);



you need to refer using System.Xml.Serialization; in your class type.






Wednesday, April 24, 2013

Windows service and relative file path problem

I created a console application which was dependent of an xml file, I set the property of file to always copy and I always for new version of xml file inside execution directory and my console application worked until one day I wrapped that console application into windows service to run it periodically. And then this problem started.


When I run it in debug mode or console app mode it worked. I can to know about this error when I put a logging statement to log the error in eventviewer and then I found that Windows service code was looking for this file under system folder, here is error message I got in log “Could not find file 'C:\Windows\system32\ticks.xml'.”  


Actually windows service runs from within system folder and their current directory (Environment.CurrentDirectory) is set to system directory and hence any relative lookup is based on this path.


To fix this problem, build your file path using AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory and relative path.





Monday, April 01, 2013

XmlReader, XmlWriter and IsEmptyElement

Today I`ll explain the problem I faced with simple xml read/write. We all know,

xmlreader is used to read xml, actually it “Represents a reader that provides fast, noncached, forward-only access to XML data.” And
xmlwriter is used to write xml, in other words it “Represents a writer that provides a fast, non-cached, forward-only means of generating streams or files containing XML data.”

I had to create a xml config file with same nodes but with localized string of multiple markets. To solve this problem here is what I decided
1.      Read Xml from beginning to end using xmlreader as I do not wanted to use Xpath to make is dependent on XML, a simple start to end scan of nodes, was my plan.
2. When reader read a attribute or node value , localize it and pass it to writer
3. Write everything else unchanged.

Sample Xml
 <events text="EVENTS">
      <event key="Dividends" value="dividend"/>
      <event key="Splits" value="splits"/>
      <event key="Earnings" value="earnings"/>

Sample code
while (reader.Read())
                    switch (reader.NodeType)
                        case XmlNodeType.Attribute:
                            writer.WriteValue(LocalizeIt(reader, country));
                        case XmlNodeType.Element:
                            bool isEmptyNode = reader.IsEmptyElement;

                            if (reader.HasAttributes)
                                WriteAttributes(writer, reader, country, culture);

                            if (isEmptyNode)
                        case XmlNodeType.EndElement:
                        case XmlNodeType.Text:
                             writer.WriteValue(LocalizeIt(reader, country));
                        case XmlNodeType.Whitespace:

I thought this switch clause will read each and every node and write it using writer but it failed for EMPTY NODES (e.g. event in sample xml) and resulted into currupted xml, none of the event tags were closed. After some research I found reader has a property and that saved me. I had to update the code and included clause to check if reader has IsEmptyElement flag set ? and if its true I had to close the node explicitely and before closing write each attributes, actually with this change there is no need of 1st case (XmlNodeType.Attribute) but I kept it in demo code.

Make sure that you read this property on Xml Node not of node attributes, to ensure this
1. Either read it in the beginning as I did or
2. Revert to Node using MoveToElement() on reader.

I am writing this post so that you do not need to re-invent it and save your time.


Wednesday, March 27, 2013

How to learning c#

This is one of the common question see if various places. How to learn c# FAST ?

Well I do not know why to make this process faster apart from practicing it initially as much as possible. and if you have other suggestion please include in comment and I`ll update this post with credits to you :)

I am going to answer, How to learn c#, to Learn c# here are some of the posts, sites that I found useful

1. MSDN  (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/Vstudio/67ef8sbd.aspx)

MSDN is really a good source of knowledge and actually this is the preferred place to get any new feature detail, but this contains basic information and you have to try hands-on to know many hidden things or boundary conditions.

More detailed list http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/Vstudio/kx37x362.aspx

2. Channel9.msdn (http://channel9.msdn.com/Series/C-Sharp-Fundamentals-Development-for-Absolute-Beginners)

This is second in my priority list as its really a good site with lot many videos, to learn c# they have created a list of videos and they are sequentially arranged at the given URL.

3.  Pluralsight Videos : http://www.pluralsight.com/training/Courses/TableOfContents/dotnet-csharp-tutorial

These courses are created by industry experts and they surely has great in depth knowledge about subject. These videos are structured and time bound. These are really good source of knowledge but these are not free, you need to have subscription to access these videos. C# videos were published in 2009,  not sure if they have  updated them for new version of C# or not, If you know, please provide those details in comment section.

4. http://www.csharp-station.com/tutorial.aspx 

This site is also well structured and they have webpages with details and also c# sample code. Good source to get practice code. They are very descriptive.

5. About.com (http://cplus.about.com/od/learning1/Learn_about_C_and_how_to_write_Programs_in_It.htm)

This site is very good source of information and they have plenty of them, but only problem that I find with about.com is its not well structured and any new member get lost in their vast information.

If you know any other good source that you want me to put into this list. Please share that in comment section and I`ll include in the list.


Monday, March 25, 2013

C# feature evolution and mapping between c#, Dotnet, VS and CLR version

Today I am putting version basic but important information about C#, CLR, VS IDE, .net Versions and their mapping.

C# features chart

Please note that there was no c# 3.5. c# version 3.0 was introduced with .net framework 3.5 and  before .net framework 3.5, the only version of c# was c# 2.0. This chart does not cover Visual Studio updates.

In next several session I`ll go through all of these features and cover in details. If you have any suggestion please post them in comment section.

http://csharpindepth.com/articles/chapter1/Specifications.aspx   c# language specification – All versions till 4.0